6.1. What is biodiversity?
Forest biological diversity is the variability not
only of living organisms but also of ecological processes. It is
important because forests are particularly rich ecosystems that
provide us with products and services, jobs, and aesthetic and cultural
Tropical forests losses are a major concern because
they have the highest levels of biodiversity but also of deforestation.
Fragmentation of forests can lead to the isolation of small groups
and eventual extinction of the species.
At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, over
150 governments signed a Convention on Biological Diversity. The
goal was to integrate biodiversity conservation into sustainable
development strategies. More...